Cultural Heritage

Under the Basic Law of Cultural Heritage, cultural heritage consists of all goods being testimonies with civilization value or culture bearers of relevant cultural interest, should be the object of particular protection and recovery.

The knowledge, study, protection, enhancement and promotion of cultural heritage are a duty of the state, thus ensuring the transmission of a national heritage whose continuity and enrichment unite the generations in a unique civilizational route.


The law divides the universe of cultural heritage into three major groups: intangible heritage, movable and immovable heritage.

The asset resulting from the allocation to the objects of an evaluative meaning that gives them the memory support of status and identity. These objects are now a legacy that protects the community and transmit to future generations as enrichment factor and cohesion, explaining that Law 107/2001 September 2008 refers to the cultural heritage as a mainstay of independence and national identity.

In addition to this vital function, cultural heritage values the territory, increases the quality of life and is recognized as an important economic resource. In the context of globalization, heritage is a competitive factor that interests potentiate as a differentiation element and attraction. On the other hand, the preservation and enhancement of the heritage generates a wide range of products and services that streamline the economy and foster expertise with high added value.

Preserve and enhance the heritage is a long-term task, demanding and multidisciplinary, should be a permanent national plan and for which all institutions and citizens are called upon to contribute.

The DRCN, under its mission and responsibilities, has special responsibilities in this area. Thereby, in the field of cultural heritage, our most important skills are:

  • Identification and ranking of cultural goods through the inventory and classification;

  • Management of movable and immovable property affect the DRCN, including rehabilitation actions, conservation and restoration monuments and museum collection;

  • Issuing opinions and authorizations in the preparation of land management instruments and proposed interventions or works in administrative services of cultural heritage (assets classified and protected areas);

  • Provision of advice and supervision of archaeological work;

  • Monitoring of conservation actions and restoration of movable cultural property;
  • Technical support for interventions and works in cultural goods.